7 Now this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, met Abraham as he was returning from defeating the kings and blessed him. 1 2 To him 2 also Abraham apportioned a tithe 3 of everything. 4 His name first means 5 king of righteousness, then king of Salem, that is, king of peace. 3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy, he has neither beginning of days nor end of life but is like the son of God, and he remains a priest for all time. 4 But see how great he must be, if 6 Abraham the patriarch gave him a tithe 7 of his plunder. 5 And those of the sons of Levi who receive the priestly office 8 have authorization according to the law to collect a tithe from the people, that is, from their fellow countrymen, 9 although they too are descendants of Abraham. 10 6 But Melchizedek 11 who does not share their ancestry 12 collected a tithe 13 from Abraham and blessed 14 the one who possessed the promise. 7 Now without dispute the inferior is blessed by the superior, 8 and in one case tithes are received by mortal men, while in the other by him who is affirmed to be alive. 9 And it could be said that Levi himself, who receives tithes, paid a tithe through Abraham. 10 For he was still in his ancestor Abraham’s loins 15 when Melchizedek met him.
11 So if perfection had in fact been possible through the Levitical priesthood – for on that basis 16 the people received the law – what further need would there have been for another priest to arise, said to be in the order of Melchizedek and not in Aaron’s order? 12 For when the priesthood changes, a change in the law must come 17 as well. 13 Yet the one these things are spoken about belongs to 18 a different tribe, and no one from that tribe 19 has ever officiated at the altar. 14 For it is clear that our Lord is descended from Judah, yet Moses said nothing about priests in connection with that tribe. 15 And this is even clearer if another priest arises in the likeness of Melchizedek, 16 who has become a priest not by a legal regulation about physical descent 20 but by the power of an indestructible life. 17 For here is the testimony about him: 21 “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.” 22 18 On the one hand a former command is set aside 23 because it is weak and useless, 24 19 for the law made nothing perfect. On the other hand a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God. 20 And since 25 this was not done without a sworn affirmation – for the others have become priests without a sworn affirmation, 21 but Jesus 26 did so 27 with a sworn affirmation by the one who said to him, “The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever’” 28 – 22 accordingly Jesus has become the guarantee 29 of a better covenant. 23 And the others 30 who became priests were numerous, because death prevented them 31 from continuing in office, 32 24 but he holds his priesthood permanently since he lives forever. 25 So he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them. 26 For it is indeed fitting for us to have such a high priest: holy, innocent, undefiled, separate from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. 27 He has no need to do every day what those priests do, to offer sacrifices first for their own sins and then for the sins of the people, since he did this in offering himself once for all. 28 For the law appoints as high priests men subject to weakness, 33 but the word of solemn affirmation that came after the law appoints a son made perfect forever.
8 Now the main point of what we are saying is this: 1 We have such a high priest, one who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 2 a minister in the sanctuary and the true tabernacle that the Lord, not man, set up. 3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. So this one too had to have something to offer. 4 Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest, since there are already priests who offer 3 the gifts prescribed by the law. 5 The place where they serve is 4 a sketch 5 and shadow of the heavenly sanctuary, just as Moses was warned by God as he was about to complete the tabernacle. For he says, “See that you make everything according to the design 6 shown to you on the mountain.” 7 6 But 8 now Jesus 9 has obtained a superior ministry, since 10 the covenant that he mediates is also better and is enacted 11 on better promises. 12
7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, no one would have looked for a second one. 13 8 But 14 showing its fault, 15 God 16 says to them, 17
“Look, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will complete a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.
9 “It will not be like the covenant 18 that I made with their fathers, on the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not continue in my covenant and I had no regard for them, says the Lord.
10 “For this is the covenant that I will establish with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord. I will put 19 my laws in their minds 20 and I will inscribe them on their hearts. And I will be their God and they will be my people. 21
11 “And there will be no need at all 22 for each one to teach his countryman or each one to teach his brother saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ since they will all know me, from the least to the greatest. 23
12 “For I will be merciful toward their evil deeds, and their sins I will remember no longer.” 24
13 When he speaks of a new covenant, 25 he makes the first obsolete. Now what is growing obsolete and aging is about to disappear. 26