20 Now one 1 day, as Jesus 2 was teaching the people in the temple courts 3 and proclaiming 4 the gospel, the chief priests and the experts in the law 5 with the elders came up 6 2 and said to him, 7 “Tell us: By what authority 8 are you doing these things? 9 Or who it is who gave you this authority?” 3 He answered them, 10 “I will also ask you a question, and you tell me: 4 John’s baptism 11 – was it from heaven or from people?” 12 5 So 13 they discussed it with one another, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ 6 But if we say, ‘From people,’ all the people will stone us, because they are convinced that John was a prophet.” 7 So 14 they replied that they did not know 15 where it came from. 8 Then 16 Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you 17 by whose authority 18 I do these things.”
9 Then 19 he began to tell the people this parable: “A man 20 planted a vineyard, 21 leased it to tenant farmers, 22 and went on a journey for a long time. 10 When harvest time came, he sent a slave 23 to the tenants so that they would give 24 him his portion of the crop. 25 However, the tenants beat his slave 26 and sent him away empty-handed. 11 So 27 he sent another slave. They beat this one too, treated him outrageously, and sent him away empty-handed. 28 12 So 29 he sent still a third. They even wounded this one, and threw him out. 13 Then 30 the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What should I do? I will send my one dear son; 31 perhaps they will respect him.’ 14 But when the tenants saw him, they said to one another, ‘This is the heir; let’s kill him so the inheritance will be ours!’ 15 So 32 they threw him out of the vineyard and killed 33 him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and destroy 34 those tenants and give the vineyard to others.” 35 When the people 36 heard this, they said, “May this never happen!” 37 17 But Jesus 38 looked straight at them and said, “Then what is the meaning of that which is written: ‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone’? 39 18 Everyone who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, 40 and the one on whom it falls will be crushed.” 41 19 Then 42 the experts in the law 43 and the chief priests wanted to arrest 44 him that very hour, because they realized he had told this parable against them. But 45 they were afraid of the people.
20 Then 46 they watched him carefully and sent spies who pretended to be sincere. 47 They wanted to take advantage of what he might say 48 so that they could deliver him up to the authority and jurisdiction 49 of the governor. 21 Thus 50 they asked him, “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach correctly, 51 and show no partiality, but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. 52 22 Is it right 53 for us to pay the tribute tax 54 to Caesar 55 or not?” 23 But Jesus 56 perceived their deceit 57 and said to them, 24 “Show me a denarius. 58 Whose image 59 and inscription are on it?” 60 They said, “Caesar’s.” 25 So 61 he said to them, “Then give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 62 26 Thus 63 they were unable in the presence of the people to trap 64 him with his own words. 65 And stunned 66 by his answer, they fell silent.
27 Now some Sadducees 67 (who contend that there is no resurrection) 68 came to him. 28 They asked him, 69 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies leaving a wife but no children, that man 70 must marry 71 the widow and father children 72 for his brother. 73 29 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married a woman 74 and died without children. 30 The second 75 31 and then the third married her, and in this same way all seven died, leaving no children. 32 Finally the woman died too. 33 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? 76 For all seven had married her.” 77
34 So 78 Jesus said to them, “The people of this age 79 marry and are given in marriage. 35 But those who are regarded as worthy to share in 80 that age and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 81 36 In fact, they can no longer die, because they are equal to angels 82 and are sons of God, since they are 83 sons 84 of the resurrection. 37 But even Moses revealed that the dead are raised 85 in the passage about the bush, 86 where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. 87 38 Now he is not God of the dead, but of the living, 88 for all live before him.” 89 39 Then 90 some of the experts in the law 91 answered, “Teacher, you have spoken well!” 92 40 For they did not dare any longer to ask 93 him anything.
41 But 94 he said to them, “How is it that they say that the Christ 95 is David’s son? 96 42 For David himself says in the book of Psalms,
‘The Lord said to my 97 lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
43 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’ 98
44 If David then calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?” 99
45 As 100 all the people were listening, Jesus 101 said to his disciples, 46 “Beware 102 of the experts in the law. 103 They 104 like walking around in long robes, and they love elaborate greetings 105 in the marketplaces and the best seats 106 in the synagogues 107 and the places of honor at banquets. 47 They 108 devour 109 widows’ property, 110 and as a show make long prayers. They will receive a more severe punishment.”
21 Jesus 1 looked up 2 and saw the rich putting their gifts into the offering box. 3 2 He also saw a poor widow put in two small copper coins. 4 3 He 5 said, “I tell you the truth, 6 this poor widow has put in more than all of them. 7 4 For they all offered their gifts out of their wealth. 8 But she, out of her poverty, put in everything she had to live on.” 9
5 Now 10 while some were speaking about the temple, how it was adorned 11 with beautiful stones and offerings, 12 Jesus 13 said, 6 “As for these things that you are gazing at, the days will come when not one stone will be left on another. 14 All will be torn down!” 15 7 So 16 they asked him, 17 “Teacher, when will these things 18 happen? And what will be the sign that 19 these things are about to take place?” 8 He 20 said, “Watch out 21 that you are not misled. For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he,’ 22 and, ‘The time is near.’ Do not follow them! 9 And when you hear of wars and rebellions, 23 do not be afraid. 24 For these things must happen first, but the end will not come at once.” 25
10 Then he said to them, “Nation will rise up in arms 26 against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11 There will be great earthquakes, and famines 27 and plagues in various places, and there will be terrifying sights 28 and great signs 29 from heaven. 12 But before all this, 30 they will seize 31 you and persecute you, handing you over to the synagogues 32 and prisons. You 33 will be brought before kings and governors because of my name. 13 This will be a time for you to serve as witnesses. 34 14 Therefore be resolved 35 not to rehearse 36 ahead of time how to make your defense. 15 For I will give you the words 37 along with the wisdom 38 that none of your adversaries will be able to withstand or contradict. 16 You will be betrayed even by parents, 39 brothers, relatives, 40 and friends, and they will have some of you put to death. 17 You will be hated by everyone because of my name. 41 18 Yet 42 not a hair of your head will perish. 43 19 By your endurance 44 you will gain 45 your lives. 46
20 “But when you see Jerusalem 47 surrounded 48 by armies, then know that its 49 desolation 50 has come near. 21 Then those who are in Judea must flee 51 to the mountains. Those 52 who are inside the city must depart. Those 53 who are out in the country must not enter it, 22 because these are days of vengeance, 54 to fulfill 55 all that is written. 23 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing their babies in those days! For there will be great distress 56 on the earth and wrath against this people. 24 They 57 will fall by the edge 58 of the sword and be led away as captives 59 among all nations. Jerusalem 60 will be trampled down by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. 61
25 “And there will be signs in the sun and moon and stars, 62 and on the earth nations will be in distress, 63 anxious 64 over the roaring of the sea and the surging waves. 26 People will be fainting from fear 65 and from the expectation of what is coming on the world, for the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 66 27 Then 67 they will see the Son of Man arriving in a cloud 68 with power and great glory. 28 But when these things 69 begin to happen, stand up and raise your heads, because your redemption 70 is drawing near.”
29 Then 71 he told them a parable: “Look at the fig tree and all the other trees. 72 30 When they sprout leaves, you see 73 for yourselves and know that summer is now near. 31 So also you, when you see these things happening, know 74 that the kingdom of God 75 is near. 32 I tell you the truth, 76 this generation 77 will not pass away until all these things take place. 33 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. 78
34 “But be on your guard 79 so that your hearts are not weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and the worries of this life, and that day close down upon you suddenly like a trap. 80 35 For 81 it will overtake 82 all who live on the face of the whole earth. 83 36 But stay alert at all times, 84 praying that you may have strength to escape all these things that must 85 happen, and to stand before the Son of Man.”
37 So 86 every day Jesus 87 was teaching in the temple courts, 88 but at night he went and stayed 89 on the Mount of Olives. 90 38 And all the people 91 came to him early in the morning to listen to him in the temple courts. 92
22 Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, 1 which is called the Passover, was approaching. 2 The 2 chief priests and the experts in the law 3 were trying to find some way 4 to execute 5 Jesus, 6 for they were afraid of the people. 7
3 Then 8 Satan 9 entered Judas, the one called Iscariot, who was one of the twelve. 10 4 He went away and discussed with the chief priests and officers of the temple guard 11 how he might 12 betray Jesus, 13 handing him over to them. 14 5 They 15 were delighted 16 and arranged to give him money. 17 6 So 18 Judas 19 agreed and began looking for an opportunity to betray Jesus 20 when no crowd was present. 21
7 Then the day for the feast 22 of Unleavened Bread came, on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. 23 8 Jesus 24 sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover 25 for us to eat.” 26 9 They 27 said to him, “Where do you want us to prepare 28 it?” 10 He said to them, “Listen, 29 when you have entered the city, a man carrying a jar of water 30 will meet you. 31 Follow him into the house that he enters, 11 and tell the owner of the house, 32 ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’ 12 Then he will show you a large furnished room upstairs. Make preparations there.” 13 So 33 they went and found things 34 just as he had told them, 35 and they prepared the Passover.
14 Now 36 when the hour came, Jesus 37 took his place at the table 38 and the apostles joined 39 him. 15 And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired 40 to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again 41 until it is fulfilled 42 in the kingdom of God.” 43 17 Then 44 he took a cup, 45 and after giving thanks he said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit 46 of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 47 19 Then 48 he took bread, and after giving thanks he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body 49 which is given for you. 50 Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And in the same way he took 51 the cup after they had eaten, 52 saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant 53 in my blood.
21 “But look, the hand of the one who betrays 54 me is with me on the table. 55 22 For the Son of Man is to go just as it has been determined, 56 but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!” 23 So 57 they began to question one another as to which of them it could possibly be who would do this.
24 A dispute also started 58 among them over which of them was to be regarded as the greatest. 59 25 So 60 Jesus 61 said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those in authority over them are called ‘benefactors.’ 62 26 Not so with you; 63 instead the one who is greatest among you must become like the youngest, and the leader 64 like the one who serves. 65 27 For who is greater, the one who is seated at the table, 66 or the one who serves? Is it not 67 the one who is seated at the table? But I am among you as one 68 who serves.
28 “You are the ones who have remained 69 with me in my trials. 29 Thus 70 I grant 71 to you a kingdom, 72 just as my Father granted to me, 30 that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and you will sit 73 on thrones judging 74 the twelve tribes of Israel.
31 “Simon, 75 Simon, pay attention! 76 Satan has demanded to have you all, 77 to sift you like wheat, 78 32 but I have prayed for you, Simon, 79 that your faith may not fail. 80 When 81 you have turned back, 82 strengthen 83 your brothers.” 33 But Peter 84 said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death!” 85 34 Jesus replied, 86 “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow 87 today until you have denied 88 three times that you know me.”
35 Then 89 Jesus 90 said to them, “When I sent you out with no money bag, 91 or traveler’s bag, 92 or sandals, you didn’t lack 93 anything, did you?” They replied, 94 “Nothing.” 36 He said to them, “But now, the one who 95 has a money bag must take it, and likewise a traveler’s bag 96 too. And the one who has no sword must sell his cloak and buy one. 37 For I tell you that this scripture must be 97 fulfilled in me, ‘And he was counted with the transgressors.’ 98 For what is written about me is being fulfilled.” 99 38 So 100 they said, “Look, Lord, here are two swords.” 101 Then he told them, “It is enough.” 102
39 Then 103 Jesus 104 went out and made his way, 105 as he customarily did, to the Mount of Olives, 106 and the disciples followed him. 40 When he came to the place, 107 he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.” 108 41 He went away from them about a stone’s throw, knelt down, and prayed, 42 “Father, if you are willing, take 109 this cup 110 away from me. Yet not my will but yours 111 be done.” 43 [Then an angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. 44 And in his anguish 112 he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.] 113 45 When 114 he got up from prayer, he came to the disciples and found them sleeping, exhausted 115 from grief. 46 So 116 he said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you will not fall into temptation!” 117
47 While he was still speaking, suddenly a crowd appeared, 118 and the man named Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He walked up 119 to Jesus to kiss him. 120 48 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?” 121 49 When 122 those who were around him saw what was about to happen, they said, “Lord, should 123 we use our swords?” 124 50 Then 125 one of them 126 struck the high priest’s slave, 127 cutting off his right ear. 51 But Jesus said, 128 “Enough of this!” And he touched the man’s 129 ear and healed 130 him. 52 Then 131 Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple guard, 132 and the elders who had come out to get him, “Have you come out with swords and clubs like you would against an outlaw? 133 53 Day after day when I was with you in the temple courts, 134 you did not arrest me. 135 But this is your hour, 136 and that of the power 137 of darkness!”
54 Then 138 they arrested 139 Jesus, 140 led him away, and brought him into the high priest’s house. 141 But Peter was following at a distance. 55 When they had made a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat down among them. 56 Then a slave girl, 142 seeing him as he sat in the firelight, stared at him and said, “This man was with him too!” 57 But Peter 143 denied it: “Woman, 144 I don’t know 145 him!” 58 Then 146 a little later someone else 147 saw him and said, “You are one of them too.” But Peter said, “Man, 148 I am not!” 59 And after about an hour still another insisted, 149 “Certainly this man was with him, because he too is a Galilean.” 150 60 But Peter said, “Man, I don’t know what you’re talking about!” At that moment, 151 while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed. 152 61 Then 153 the Lord turned and looked straight at Peter, and Peter remembered the word of the Lord, 154 how he had said to him, “Before a rooster crows today, you will deny me three times.” 62 And he went outside and wept bitterly. 155
63 Now 156 the men who were holding Jesus 157 under guard began to mock him and beat him. 64 They 158 blindfolded him and asked him repeatedly, 159 “Prophesy! Who hit you?” 160 65 They also said many other things against him, reviling 161 him.
66 When day came, the council of the elders of the people gathered together, both the chief priests and the experts in the law. 162 Then 163 they led Jesus 164 away to their council 165 67 and said, “If 166 you are the Christ, 167 tell us.” But he said to them, “If 168 I tell you, you will not 169 believe, 68 and if 170 I ask you, you will not 171 answer. 69 But from now on 172 the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand 173 of the power 174 of God.” 70 So 175 they all said, “Are you the Son of God, 176 then?” He answered 177 them, “You say 178 that I am.” 71 Then 179 they said, “Why do we need further testimony? We have heard it ourselves 180 from his own lips!” 181