4 The Israelites again did evil in the Lord’s sight 1 after Ehud’s death. 2 The Lord turned them over to 2 King Jabin of Canaan, who ruled in Hazor. 3 The general of his army was Sisera, who lived in Harosheth Haggoyim. 4 3 The Israelites cried out for help to the Lord, because Sisera 5 had nine hundred chariots with iron-rimmed wheels, 6 and he cruelly 7 oppressed the Israelites for twenty years.
4 Now Deborah, a prophetess, 8 wife of Lappidoth, was 9 leading 10 Israel at that time. 5 She would sit 11 under the Date Palm Tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel 12 in the Ephraimite hill country. The Israelites would come up to her to have their disputes settled. 13
6 She summoned 14 Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali. She said to him, “Is it not true that the Lord God of Israel is commanding you? Go, march to Mount Tabor! Take with you ten thousand men from Naphtali and Zebulun! 7 I will bring Sisera, the general of Jabin’s army, to you at the Kishon River, along with his chariots and huge army. 15 I will hand him over to you.” 8 Barak said to her, “If you go with me, I will go. But if you do not go with me, I will not go.” 9 She said, “I will indeed go with you. But you will not gain fame 16 on the expedition you are undertaking, 17 for the Lord will turn Sisera over to a woman.” 18 Deborah got up and went with Barak to Kedesh. 10 Barak summoned men from Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh. Ten thousand men followed him; 19 Deborah went up with him as well. 11 Now Heber the Kenite had moved away 20 from the Kenites, the descendants of Hobab, Moses’ father-in-law. He lived 21 near the great tree in Zaanannim near Kedesh.
12 When Sisera heard 22 that Barak son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor, 13 he 23 ordered 24 all his chariotry – nine hundred chariots with iron-rimmed wheels – and all the troops he had with him to go from Harosheth-Haggoyim to the River Kishon. 14 Deborah said to Barak, “Spring into action, 25 for this is the day the Lord is handing Sisera over to you! 26 Has the Lord not taken the lead?” 27 Barak quickly went down from Mount Tabor with ten thousand men following him. 15 The Lord routed 28 Sisera, all his chariotry, and all his army with the edge of the sword. 29 Sisera jumped out of 30 his chariot and ran away on foot. 16 Now Barak chased the chariots and the army all the way to Harosheth Haggoyim. Sisera’s whole army died 31 by the edge of the sword; not even one survived! 32
17 Now Sisera ran away on foot to the tent of Jael, wife of Heber the Kenite, for King Jabin of Hazor 33 and the family of Heber the Kenite had made a peace treaty. 34 18 Jael came out to welcome Sisera. She said to him, “Stop and rest, 35 my lord. Stop and rest with me. Don’t be afraid.” So Sisera 36 stopped to rest in her tent, and she put a blanket over him. 19 He said to her, “Give me a little water to drink, because I’m thirsty.” She opened a goatskin container of milk and gave him some milk to drink. Then she covered him up again. 20 He said to her, “Stand watch at the entrance to the tent. If anyone comes along and asks you, ‘Is there a man here?’ say ‘No.’” 21 Then Jael wife of Heber took a tent peg in one hand and a hammer in the other. 37 She crept up on him, drove the tent peg through his temple into the ground 38 while he was asleep from exhaustion, 39 and he died. 22 Now Barak was chasing Sisera. Jael went out to welcome him. She said to him, “Come here and I will show you the man you are searching for.” He went with her into the tent, 40 and there he saw Sisera sprawled out dead 41 with the tent peg in his temple.
23 That day God humiliated King Jabin of Canaan before the Israelites. 24 Israel’s power continued to overwhelm 42 King Jabin of Canaan until they did away with 43 him. 44
5 On that day Deborah and Barak son of Abinoam sang this victory song: 1
2 “When the leaders took the lead 2 in Israel,
When the people answered the call to war –
Praise the Lord!
3 Hear, O kings!
Pay attention, O rulers!
I will sing to the Lord! 3
I will sing 4 to the Lord God of Israel!
4 O Lord, when you departed 5 from Seir,
when you marched from Edom’s plains,
the earth shook, the heavens poured down,
the clouds poured down rain. 6
5 The mountains trembled 7 before the Lord, the God of Sinai; 8
before the Lord God of Israel.
6 In the days of Shamgar son of Anath,
in the days of Jael caravans 9 disappeared; 10
travelers 11 had to go on winding side roads.
7 Warriors 12 were scarce, 13
they were scarce in Israel,
until you 14 arose, Deborah,
until you arose as a motherly protector 15 in Israel.
8 God chose new leaders, 16
then fighters appeared in the city gates; 17
but, I swear, not a shield or spear could be found, 18
among forty military units 19 in Israel.
9 My heart went out 20 to Israel’s leaders,
to the people who answered the call to war.
Praise the Lord!
10 You who ride on light-colored female donkeys,
who sit on saddle blankets, 21
you who walk on the road, pay attention!
11 Hear 22 the sound of those who divide the sheep 23 among the watering places;
there they tell of 24 the Lord’s victorious deeds,
the victorious deeds of his warriors 25 in Israel.
Then the Lord’s people went down to the city gates –
12 Wake up, wake up, Deborah!
Wake up, wake up, sing a song!
Get up, Barak!
Capture your prisoners of war, 26 son of Abinoam!
13 Then the survivors 27 came down 28 to the mighty ones; 29
the Lord’s people came down to me 30 as 31 warriors.
14 They came from Ephraim, who uprooted Amalek, 32
they follow 33 after you, Benjamin, with your soldiers.
From Makir leaders came down,
from Zebulun came 34 the ones who march carrying 35 an officer’s staff.
15 Issachar’s leaders were with Deborah,
the men of Issachar 36 supported 37 Barak;
into the valley they were sent under Barak’s command. 38
Among the clans of Reuben there was intense 39 heart searching. 40
16 Why do you remain among the sheepfolds, 41
listening to the shepherds playing their pipes 42 for their flocks? 43
As for the clans of Reuben – there was intense searching of heart.
17 Gilead stayed put 44 beyond the Jordan River.
As for Dan – why did he seek temporary employment in the shipyards? 45
Asher remained 46 on the seacoast,
he stayed 47 by his harbors. 48
18 The men of Zebulun were not concerned about their lives; 49
Naphtali charged on to the battlefields. 50
19 Kings came, they fought;
the kings of Canaan fought,
at Taanach by the waters of Megiddo, 51
but 52 they took no silver as plunder.
20 From the sky 53 the stars 54 fought,
from their paths in the heavens 55 they fought against Sisera.
21 The Kishon River carried them off;
the river confronted them 56 – the Kishon River.
Step on the necks of the strong! 57
22 The horses’ 58 hooves pounded the ground; 59
the stallions galloped madly. 60
23 ‘Call judgment down on 61 Meroz,’ says the Lord’s angelic 62 messenger;
‘Be sure 63 to call judgment down on 64 those who live there,
because they did not come to help in the Lord’s battle, 65
to help in the Lord’s battle against the warriors.’ 66
24 The most rewarded 67 of women should be Jael,
the wife of Heber the Kenite!
She should be the most rewarded of women who live in tents.
25 He asked for water,
and she gave him milk;
in a bowl fit for a king, 68
she served him curds.
26 Her left 69 hand reached for the tent peg,
her right hand for the workmen’s hammer.
She “hammered” 70 Sisera,
she shattered his skull, 71
she smashed his head, 72
she drove the tent peg through his temple. 73
27 Between her feet he collapsed,
he fell limp 74 and was lifeless; 75
between her feet he collapsed and fell limp,
in the spot where he collapsed,
there he fell limp – violently murdered! 76
28 Through the window she looked;
Sisera’s mother cried out through the lattice:
‘Why is his chariot so slow to return?
Why are the hoofbeats of his chariot-horses 77 delayed?’
29 The wisest of her ladies 78 answer;
indeed she even thinks to herself,
30 ‘No doubt they are gathering and dividing the plunder 79 –
a girl or two for each man to rape! 80
Sisera is grabbing up colorful cloth, 81
he is grabbing up colorful embroidered cloth, 82
two pieces of colorful embroidered cloth,
for the neck of the plunderer!’ 83
31 May all your enemies perish like this, O Lord!
But may those who love you shine
like the rising sun at its brightest!” 84
And the land had rest for forty years.
6 The Israelites did evil in the Lord’s sight, 1 so the Lord turned them over to 2 Midian for seven years. 2 The Midianites 3 overwhelmed Israel. 4 Because of Midian the Israelites made shelters 5 for themselves in the hills, as well as caves and strongholds. 3 Whenever the Israelites planted their crops, 6 the Midianites, Amalekites, and the people from the east would attack them. 7 4 They invaded the land 8 and devoured 9 its crops 10 all the way to Gaza. They left nothing for the Israelites to eat, 11 and they took away 12 the sheep, oxen, and donkeys. 5 When they invaded 13 with their cattle and tents, they were as thick 14 as locusts. Neither they nor their camels could be counted. 15 They came to devour 16 the land. 6 Israel was so severely weakened by Midian that the Israelites cried out to the Lord for help.
7 When the Israelites cried out to the Lord for help because of Midian, 8 he 17 sent a prophet 18 to the Israelites. He said to them, “This is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘I brought you up from Egypt 19 and took you out of that place of slavery. 20 9 I rescued you from Egypt’s power 21 and from the power of all who oppressed you. I drove them out before you and gave their land to you. 10 I said to you, “I am the Lord your God! Do not worship 22 the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you are now living!” But you have disobeyed me.’” 23
11 The Lord’s angelic messenger 24 came and sat down under the oak tree in Ophrah owned by Joash the Abiezrite. He arrived while Joash’s son Gideon 25 was threshing 26 wheat in a winepress 27 so he could hide it from the Midianites. 28 12 The Lord’s messenger appeared and said to him, “The Lord is with you, courageous warrior!” 13 Gideon said to him, “Pardon me, 29 but if the Lord is with us, why has such disaster 30 overtaken us? Where are all his miraculous deeds our ancestors told us about? They said, 31 ‘Did the Lord not bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the Lord has abandoned us and handed us over to Midian.” 14 Then the Lord himself 32 turned to him and said, “You have the strength. 33 Deliver Israel from the power of the Midianites! 34 Have I not sent you?” 15 Gideon 35 said to him, “But Lord, 36 how 37 can I deliver Israel? Just look! My clan is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my family.” 38 16 The Lord said to him, “Ah, but 39 I will be with you! You will strike down the whole Midianite army.” 40 17 Gideon 41 said to him, “If you really are pleased with me, 42 then give me 43 a sign as proof that it is really you speaking with me. 18 Do not leave this place until I come back 44 with a gift 45 and present it to you.” The Lord said, “I will stay here until you come back.”
19 Gideon went and prepared a young goat, 46 along with unleavened bread made from an ephah of flour. He put the meat in a basket and the broth in a pot. He brought the food 47 to him under the oak tree and presented it to him. 20 God’s messenger said to him, “Put the meat and unleavened bread on this rock, 48 and pour out the broth.” Gideon did as instructed. 49 21 The Lord’s messenger touched the meat and the unleavened bread with the tip of his staff. 50 Fire flared up from the rock and consumed the meat and unleavened bread. The Lord’s messenger then disappeared. 51
22 When Gideon realized 52 that it was the Lord’s messenger, he 53 said, “Oh no! 54 Master, Lord! 55 I have seen the Lord’s messenger face to face!” 23 The Lord said to him, “You are safe! 56 Do not be afraid! You are not going to die!” 24 Gideon built an altar for the Lord there, and named it “The Lord is on friendly terms with me.” 57 To this day it is still there in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
25 That night the Lord said to him, “Take the bull from your father’s herd, as well as a second bull, one that is seven years old. 58 Pull down your father’s Baal altar and cut down the nearby Asherah pole. 26 Then build an altar for the Lord your God on the top of this stronghold according to the proper pattern. 59 Take the second bull and offer it as a burnt sacrifice on the wood from the Asherah pole that you cut down.” 27 So Gideon took ten of his servants 60 and did just as the Lord had told him. He was too afraid of his father’s family 61 and the men of the city to do it in broad daylight, so he waited until nighttime. 62
28 When the men of the city got up the next morning, they saw 63 the Baal altar pulled down, the nearby Asherah pole cut down, and the second bull sacrificed on the newly built altar. 29 They said to one another, 64 “Who did this?” 65 They investigated the matter thoroughly 66 and concluded 67 that Gideon son of Joash had done it. 30 The men of the city said to Joash, “Bring out your son, so we can execute him! 68 He pulled down the Baal altar and cut down the nearby Asherah pole.” 31 But Joash said to all those who confronted him, 69 “Must you fight Baal’s battles? 70 Must you rescue him? Whoever takes up his cause 71 will die by morning! 72 If he really is a god, let him fight his own battles! 73 After all, it was his altar that was pulled down.” 74 32 That very day Gideon’s father named him Jerub-Baal, 75 because he had said, “Let Baal fight with him, for it was his altar that was pulled down.”
33 All the Midianites, Amalekites, and the people from the east 76 assembled. They crossed the Jordan River 77 and camped in the Jezreel Valley. 34 The Lord’s spirit took control of 78 Gideon. He blew a trumpet, 79 summoning the Abiezrites to follow him. 80 35 He sent messengers throughout Manasseh and summoned them to follow him as well. 81 He also sent messengers throughout Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, and they came up to meet him.
36 Gideon said to God, “If you really intend to use me to deliver Israel, 82 as you promised, then give me a sign as proof. 83 37 Look, I am putting a wool fleece on the threshing floor. If there is dew only on the fleece, and the ground around it 84 is dry, then I will be sure 85 that you will use me to deliver Israel, 86 as you promised.” 38 The Lord did as he asked. 87 When he got up the next morning, he squeezed the fleece, and enough dew dripped from it to fill a bowl. 88 39 Gideon said to God, “Please do not get angry at me, when I ask for just one more sign. 89 Please allow me one more test with the fleece. This time make only the fleece dry, while the ground around it is covered with dew.” 90 40 That night God did as he asked. 91 Only the fleece was dry and the ground around it was covered with dew.