24 Joshua assembled all the Israelite tribes at Shechem. He summoned Israel’s elders, rulers, judges, and leaders, and they appeared before God. 2 Joshua told all the people, “Here is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘In the distant past your ancestors 1 lived beyond the Euphrates River, 2 including Terah the father of Abraham and Nahor. They worshiped 3 other gods, 3 but I took your father Abraham from beyond the Euphrates 4 and brought him into 5 the entire land of Canaan. I made his descendants numerous; I gave him Isaac, 4 and to Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau. To Esau I assigned Mount Seir, 6 while Jacob and his sons went down to Egypt. 5 I sent Moses and Aaron, and I struck Egypt down when I intervened in their land. 7 Then I brought you out. 6 When I brought your fathers out of Egypt, you arrived at the sea. The Egyptians chased your fathers with chariots and horsemen to the Red Sea. 7 Your fathers 8 cried out for help to the Lord; he made the area between you and the Egyptians dark, 9 and then drowned them in the sea. 10 You witnessed with your very own eyes 11 what I did in Egypt. You lived in the wilderness for a long time. 12 8 Then I brought you to the land of the Amorites who lived east of the Jordan. They fought with you, but I handed them over to you; you conquered 13 their land and I destroyed them from before you. 9 Balak son of Zippor, king of Moab, launched an attack 14 against Israel. He summoned 15 Balaam son of Beor to call down judgment 16 on you. 10 I refused to respond to Balaam; he kept 17 prophesying good things about 18 you, and I rescued you from his power. 19 11 You crossed the Jordan and came to Jericho. 20 The leaders 21 of Jericho, as well as the Amorites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hittites, Girgashites, Hivites, and Jebusites, fought with you, but I handed them over to you. 12 I sent terror 22 ahead of you to drive out before you the two 23 Amorite kings. I gave you the victory; it was not by your swords or bows. 24 13 I gave you a land in 25 which you had not worked hard; you took up residence in cities you did not build and you are eating the produce of 26 vineyards and olive groves you did not plant.’
14 Now 27 obey 28 the Lord and worship 29 him with integrity and loyalty. Put aside the gods your ancestors 30 worshiped 31 beyond the Euphrates 32 and in Egypt and worship 33 the Lord. 15 If you have no desire 34 to worship 35 the Lord, choose today whom you will worship, 36 whether it be the gods whom your ancestors 37 worshiped 38 beyond the Euphrates, 39 or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living. But I and my family 40 will worship 41 the Lord!”
16 The people responded, “Far be it from us to abandon the Lord so we can 42 worship 43 other gods! 17 For the Lord our God took us and our fathers out of slavery 44 in the land of Egypt 45 and performed these awesome miracles 46 before our very eyes. He continually protected us as we traveled and when we passed through nations. 47 18 The Lord drove out from before us all the nations, including the Amorites who lived in the land. So we too will worship 48 the Lord, for he is our God!”
19 Joshua warned 49 the people, “You will not keep worshiping 50 the Lord, for 51 he is a holy God. 52 He is a jealous God who will not forgive 53 your rebellion or your sins. 20 If 54 you abandon the Lord and worship 55 foreign gods, he will turn against you; 56 he will bring disaster on you and destroy you, 57 though he once treated you well.” 58
21 The people said to Joshua, “No! We really will 59 worship 60 the Lord!” 22 Joshua said to the people, “Do you agree to be witnesses against yourselves that you have chosen to worship the Lord?” 61 They replied, “We are witnesses!” 62 23 Joshua said, 63 “Now put aside the foreign gods that are among you and submit to 64 the Lord God of Israel.”
24 The people said to Joshua, “We will worship 65 the Lord our God and obey him.” 66
25 That day Joshua drew up an agreement 67 for the people, and he established rules and regulations 68 for them in Shechem. 26 Joshua wrote these words in the Law Scroll of God. He then took a large stone and set it up there under the oak tree near the Lord’s shrine. 27 Joshua said to all the people, “Look, this stone will be a witness against you, for it has heard everything the Lord said to us. 69 It will be a witness against you if 70 you deny your God.” 28 When Joshua dismissed the people, they went to their allotted portions of land. 71
29 After all this 72 Joshua son of Nun, the Lord’s servant, died at the age of one hundred ten. 30 They buried him in his allotted territory 73 in Timnath Serah in the hill country of Ephraim, north of Mount Gaash. 31 Israel worshiped 74 the Lord throughout Joshua’s lifetime and as long as the elderly men who outlived him remained alive. 75 These men had experienced firsthand everything the Lord had done for Israel. 76
32 The bones of Joseph, which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt, were buried at Shechem in the part of the field that Jacob bought from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem, for one hundred pieces of money. 77 So it became the inheritance of the tribe of Joseph. 78
33 Eleazar son of Aaron died, and they buried him in Gibeah in the hill country of Ephraim, where his son Phinehas had been assigned land. 79
1 After Joshua died, the Israelites asked 1 the Lord, “Who should lead the invasion against the Canaanites and launch the attack?” 2 2 The Lord said, “The men of Judah should take the lead. 3 Be sure of this! I am handing the land over to them.” 4 3 The men of Judah said to their relatives, the men of Simeon, 5 “Invade our allotted land with us and help us attack the Canaanites. 6 Then we 7 will go with you into your allotted land.” So the men of Simeon went with them.
4 The men of Judah attacked, 8 and the Lord handed the Canaanites and Perizzites over to them. They killed ten thousand men at Bezek. 5 They met 9 Adoni-Bezek at Bezek and fought him. They defeated the Canaanites and Perizzites. 6 When Adoni-Bezek ran away, they chased him and captured him. Then they cut off his thumbs and big toes. 7 Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings, with thumbs and big toes cut off, used to lick up 10 food scraps 11 under my table. God has repaid me for what I did to them.” 12 They brought him to Jerusalem, 13 where he died. 8 The men of Judah attacked Jerusalem and captured it. They put the sword to it and set the city on fire.
9 Later the men of Judah went down to attack the Canaanites living in the hill country, the Negev, and the lowlands. 14 10 The men of Judah attacked the Canaanites living in Hebron. (Hebron used to be called Kiriath Arba.) They killed Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai. 11 From there they attacked the people of Debir. 15 (Debir used to be called Kiriath Sepher.) 12 Caleb said, “To the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher I will give my daughter Acsah as a wife.” 13 When Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, 16 captured it, Caleb 17 gave him his daughter Acsah as a wife.
14 One time Acsah 18 came and charmed her father 19 so she could ask him for some land. When she got down from her donkey, Caleb said to her, “What would you like?” 15 She answered, “Please give me a special present. 20 Since you have given me land in the Negev, now give me springs of water.” So Caleb gave her both the upper and lower springs. 21
16 Now the descendants of the Kenite, Moses’ father-in-law, went up with the people of Judah from the City of Date Palm Trees to Arad in the desert of Judah, 22 located in the Negev. 23 They went and lived with the people of Judah. 24
17 The men of Judah went with their brothers the men of Simeon 25 and defeated the Canaanites living in Zephath. They wiped out Zephath. 26 So people now call the city Hormah. 27 18 The men of Judah captured Gaza, Ashkelon, Ekron, and the territory surrounding each of these cities. 28
19 The Lord was with the men of Judah. They conquered 29 the hill country, but they could not 30 conquer the people living in the coastal plain, because they had chariots with iron-rimmed wheels. 31 20 Caleb received 32 Hebron, just as Moses had promised. He drove out the three Anakites. 21 The men of Benjamin, however, did not conquer the Jebusites living in Jerusalem. 33 The Jebusites live with the people of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this very day. 34
22 When the men 35 of Joseph attacked 36 Bethel, 37 the Lord was with them. 23 When the men of Joseph spied out Bethel (it used to be called Luz), 24 the spies spotted 38 a man leaving the city. They said to him, “If you show us a secret entrance into the city, we will reward you.” 25 He showed them a secret entrance into the city, and they put the city to the sword. But they let the man and his extended family leave safely. 26 He 39 moved to Hittite country and built a city. He named it Luz, and it has kept that name to this very day.
27 The men of Manasseh did not conquer Beth Shan, Taanach, or their surrounding towns. Nor did they conquer the people living in Dor, Ibleam, Megiddo 40 or their surrounding towns. 41 The Canaanites managed 42 to remain in those areas. 43 28 Whenever Israel was strong militarily, they forced the Canaanites to do hard labor, but they never totally conquered them.
29 The men of Ephraim did not conquer the Canaanites living in Gezer. The Canaanites lived among them in Gezer.
30 The men of Zebulun did not conquer the people living in Kitron and Nahalol. 44 The Canaanites lived among them and were forced to do hard labor.
31 The men of Asher did not conquer the people living in Acco or Sidon, 45 nor did they conquer Ahlab, Aczib, Helbah, Aphek, or Rehob. 46 32 The people of Asher live among the Canaanites residing in the land because they did not conquer them.
33 The men of Naphtali did not conquer the people living in Beth Shemesh or Beth Anath. 47 They live among the Canaanites residing in the land. The Canaanites 48 living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath were forced to do hard labor for them.
34 The Amorites forced the people of Dan to live in the hill country. They did not allow them to live in 49 the coastal plain. 35 The Amorites managed 50 to remain in Har Heres, 51 Aijalon, and Shaalbim. Whenever the tribe of Joseph was strong militarily, 52 the Amorites were forced to do hard labor. 36 The border of Amorite territory ran from the Scorpion Ascent 53 to Sela and on up. 54
2 The Lord’s angelic messenger 1 went up from Gilgal to Bokim. He said, “I brought you up from Egypt and led you into the land I had solemnly promised to give to your ancestors. 2 I said, ‘I will never break my agreement 3 with you, 2 but you must not make an agreement with the people who live in this land. You should tear down the altars where they worship.’ 4 But you have disobeyed me. 5 Why would you do such a thing? 6 3 At that time I also warned you, 7 ‘If you disobey, 8 I will not drive out the Canaanites 9 before you. They will ensnare you 10 and their gods will lure you away.’” 11
4 When the Lord’s messenger finished speaking these words to all the Israelites, the people wept loudly. 12 5 They named that place Bokim 13 and offered sacrifices to the Lord there.
6 When Joshua dismissed 14 the people, the Israelites went to their allotted portions of territory, 15 intending to take possession of the land. 7 The people worshiped 16 the Lord throughout Joshua’s lifetime and as long as the elderly men 17 who outlived him remained alive. These men had witnessed 18 all the great things the Lord had done for Israel. 19 8 Joshua son of Nun, the Lord’s servant, died at the age of one hundred ten. 9 The people 20 buried him in his allotted land 21 in Timnath Heres in the hill country of Ephraim, north of Mount Gaash. 10 That entire generation passed away; 22 a new generation grew up 23 that had not personally experienced the Lord’s presence or seen what he had done for Israel. 24
11 The Israelites did evil before 25 the Lord by worshiping 26 the Baals. 12 They abandoned the Lord God of their ancestors 27 who brought them out of the land of Egypt. They followed other gods – the gods of the nations who lived around them. They worshiped 28 them and made the Lord angry. 13 They abandoned the Lord and worshiped Baal and the Ashtars. 29
14 The Lord was furious with Israel 30 and handed them over to robbers who plundered them. 31 He turned them over to 32 their enemies who lived around them. They could not withstand their enemies’ attacks. 33 15 Whenever they went out to fight, 34 the Lord did them harm, 35 just as he had warned and solemnly vowed he would do. 36 They suffered greatly. 37
16 The Lord raised up leaders 38 who delivered them from these robbers. 39 17 But they did not obey 40 their leaders. Instead they prostituted themselves to other gods and worshiped 41 them. They quickly turned aside from the path 42 their ancestors 43 had walked. Their ancestors had obeyed the Lord’s commands, but they did not. 44 18 When the Lord raised up leaders for them, the Lord was with each leader and delivered the people 45 from their enemies while the leader remained alive. The Lord felt sorry for them 46 when they cried out in agony because of what their harsh oppressors did to them. 47 19 When a leader died, the next generation 48 would again 49 act more wickedly than the previous one. 50 They would follow after other gods, worshiping them 51 and bowing down to them. They did not give up 52 their practices or their stubborn ways.
20 The Lord was furious with Israel. 53 He said, “This nation 54 has violated the terms of the agreement I made with their ancestors 55 by disobeying me. 56 21 So I will no longer remove before them any of the nations that Joshua left unconquered when he died. 22 Joshua left those nations 57 to test 58 Israel. I wanted to see 59 whether or not the people 60 would carefully walk in the path 61 marked out by 62 the Lord, as their ancestors 63 were careful to do.” 23 This is why 64 the Lord permitted these nations to remain and did not conquer them immediately; 65 he did not hand them over to Joshua.