6 After this 1 Jesus went away to the other side of the Sea of Galilee (also called the Sea of Tiberias). 2 2 A large crowd was following him because they were observing the miraculous signs he was performing on the sick. 3 So Jesus went on up the mountainside 3 and sat down there with his disciples. 4 (Now the Jewish feast of the Passover 4 was near.) 5 5 Then Jesus, when he looked up 6 and saw that a large crowd was coming to him, said to Philip, “Where can we buy bread so that these people may eat?” 6 (Now Jesus 7 said this to test him, for he knew what he was going to do.) 8 7 Philip replied, 9 “Two hundred silver coins worth 10 of bread would not be enough for them, for each one to get a little.” 8 One of Jesus’ disciples, 11 Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to him, 9 “Here is a boy who has five barley loaves and two fish, but what good 12 are these for so many people?”
10 Jesus said, “Have 13 the people sit down.” (Now there was a lot of grass in that place.) 14 So the men 15 sat down, about five thousand in number. 11 Then Jesus took the loaves, and when he had given thanks, he distributed the bread to those who were seated. He then did the same with the fish, 16 as much as they wanted. 12 When they were all satisfied, Jesus 17 said to his disciples, “Gather up the broken pieces that are left over, so that nothing is wasted.” 13 So they gathered them up and filled twelve baskets with broken pieces from the five barley loaves 18 left over by the people who had eaten.
14 Now when the people saw the miraculous sign that Jesus 19 performed, they began to say to one another, “This is certainly the Prophet 20 who is to come into the world.” 21 15 Then Jesus, because he knew they were going to come and seize him by force to make him king, withdrew again up the mountainside alone. 22
16 Now when evening came, his disciples went down to the lake, 23 17 got into a boat, and started to cross the lake 24 to Capernaum. 25 (It had already become dark, and Jesus had not yet come to them.) 26 18 By now a strong wind was blowing and the sea was getting rough. 19 Then, when they had rowed about three or four miles, 27 they caught sight of Jesus walking on the lake, 28 approaching the boat, and they were frightened. 20 But he said to them, “It is I. Do not be afraid.” 21 Then they wanted to take him into the boat, and immediately the boat came to the land where they had been heading.
22 The next day the crowd that remained on the other side of the lake 29 realized that only one small boat 30 had been there, and that Jesus had not boarded 31 it with his disciples, but that his disciples had gone away alone. 23 But some boats from Tiberias 32 came to shore 33 near the place where they had eaten the bread after the Lord had given thanks. 34 24 So when the crowd realized that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, they got into the boats 35 and came to Capernaum 36 looking for Jesus.
25 When they found him on the other side of the lake, 37 they said to him, “Rabbi, when did you get here?” 38 26 Jesus replied, 39 “I tell you the solemn truth, 40 you are looking for me not because you saw miraculous signs, but because you ate all the loaves of bread you wanted. 41 27 Do not work for the food that disappears, 42 but for the food that remains to eternal life – the food 43 which the Son of Man will give to you. For God the Father has put his seal of approval on him.” 44
28 So then they said to him, “What must we do to accomplish the deeds 45 God requires?” 46 29 Jesus replied, 47 “This is the deed 48 God requires 49 – to believe in the one whom he 50 sent.” 30 So they said to him, “Then what miraculous sign will you perform, so that we may see it and believe you? What will you do? 31 Our ancestors 51 ate the manna in the wilderness, just as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’” 52
32 Then Jesus told them, “I tell you the solemn truth, 53 it is not Moses who has given you the bread from heaven, but my Father is giving you the true bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is the one who 54 comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” 34 So they said to him, “Sir, 55 give us this bread all the time!”
35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. The one who comes to me will never go hungry, and the one who believes in me will never be thirsty. 56 36 But I told you 57 that you have seen me 58 and still do not believe. 37 Everyone whom the Father gives me will come to me, and the one who comes to me I will never send away. 59 38 For I have come down from heaven not to do my own will but the will of the one who sent me. 39 Now this is the will of the one who sent me – that I should not lose one person of every one he has given me, but raise them all up 60 at the last day. 40 For this is the will of my Father – for everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him to have eternal life, and I will raise him up 61 at the last day.” 62
41 Then the Jews who were hostile to Jesus 63 began complaining about him because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven,” 42 and they said, “Isn’t this Jesus the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, ‘I have come down from heaven’?” 43 Jesus replied, 64 “Do not complain about me to one another. 65 44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, 66 and I will raise him up at the last day. 45 It is written in the prophets, ‘And they will all be taught by God.’ 67 Everyone who hears and learns from the Father 68 comes to me. 46 (Not that anyone has seen the Father except the one who is from God – he 69 has seen the Father.) 70 47 I tell you the solemn truth, 71 the one who believes 72 has eternal life. 73 48 I am the bread of life. 74 49 Your ancestors 75 ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died. 50 This 76 is the bread that has come down from heaven, so that a person 77 may eat from it and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats from this bread he will live forever. The bread 78 that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh.”
52 Then the Jews who were hostile to Jesus 79 began to argue with one another, 80 “How can this man 81 give us his flesh to eat?” 53 Jesus said to them, “I tell you the solemn truth, 82 unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, 83 you have no life 84 in yourselves. 54 The one who eats 85 my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. 86 55 For my flesh is true 87 food, and my blood is true 88 drink. 56 The one who eats 89 my flesh and drinks my blood resides in me, and I in him. 90 57 Just as the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so the one who consumes 91 me will live because of me. 58 This 92 is the bread that came down from heaven; it is not like the bread your ancestors 93 ate, but then later died. 94 The one who eats 95 this bread will live forever.”
59 Jesus 96 said these things while he was teaching in the synagogue 97 in Capernaum. 98 60 Then many of his disciples, when they heard these things, 99 said, “This is a difficult 100 saying! 101 Who can understand it?” 102 61 When Jesus was aware 103 that his disciples were complaining 104 about this, he said to them, “Does this cause you to be offended? 105 62 Then what if you see the Son of Man ascending where he was before? 106 63 The Spirit is the one who gives life; human nature is of no help! 107 The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and are life. 108 64 But there are some of you who do not believe.” (For Jesus had already known from the beginning who those were who did not believe, and who it was who would betray him.) 109 65 So Jesus added, 110 “Because of this I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father has allowed him to come.” 111
66 After this many of his disciples quit following him 112 and did not accompany him 113 any longer. 67 So Jesus said to the twelve, “You don’t want to go away too, do you?” 114 68 Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom would we go? You have the words of eternal life. 69 We 115 have come to believe and to know 116 that you are the Holy One of God!” 117 70 Jesus replied, 118 “Didn’t I choose you, the twelve, and yet one of you is the devil?” 119 71 (Now he said this about Judas son of Simon Iscariot, 120 for Judas, 121 one of the twelve, was going to betray him.) 122
7 After this 1 Jesus traveled throughout Galilee. 2 He 3 stayed out of Judea 4 because the Jewish leaders 5 wanted 6 to kill him. 2 Now the Jewish feast of Tabernacles 7 was near. 8 3 So Jesus’ brothers 9 advised him, “Leave here and go to Judea so your disciples may see your miracles that you are performing. 10 4 For no one who seeks to make a reputation for himself 11 does anything in secret. 12 If you are doing these things, show yourself to the world.” 5 (For not even his own brothers believed in him.) 13
6 So Jesus replied, 14 “My time 15 has not yet arrived, 16 but you are ready at any opportunity! 17 7 The world cannot hate you, but it hates me, because I am testifying about it that its deeds are evil. 8 You go up 18 to the feast yourselves. I am not going up to this feast 19 because my time 20 has not yet fully arrived.” 21 9 When he had said this, he remained in Galilee.
10 But when his brothers had gone up to the feast, then Jesus 22 himself also went up, not openly but in secret. 11 So the Jewish leaders 23 were looking for him at the feast, asking, “Where is he?” 24 12 There was 25 a lot of grumbling 26 about him among the crowds. 27 Some were saying, “He is a good man,” but others, “He deceives the common people.” 28 13 However, no one spoke openly about him for fear of the Jewish leaders. 29
14 When the feast was half over, Jesus went up to the temple courts 30 and began to teach. 31 15 Then the Jewish leaders 32 were astonished 33 and said, “How does this man know so much when he has never had formal instruction?” 34 16 So Jesus replied, 35 “My teaching is not from me, but from the one who sent me. 36 17 If anyone wants to do God’s will, 37 he will know about my teaching, whether it is from God or whether I speak from my own authority. 38 18 The person who speaks on his own authority 39 desires 40 to receive honor 41 for himself; the one who desires 42 the honor 43 of the one who sent him is a man of integrity, 44 and there is no unrighteousness in him. 19 Hasn’t Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps 45 the law! Why do you want 46 to kill me?”
20 The crowd 47 answered, “You’re possessed by a demon! 48 Who is trying to kill you?” 49 21 Jesus replied, 50 “I performed one miracle 51 and you are all amazed. 52 22 However, because Moses gave you the practice of circumcision 53 (not that it came from Moses, but from the forefathers), you circumcise a male child 54 on the Sabbath. 23 But if a male child 55 is circumcised 56 on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses is not broken, 57 why are you angry with me because I made a man completely well 58 on the Sabbath? 24 Do not judge according to external appearance, 59 but judge with proper 60 judgment.”
25 Then some of the residents of Jerusalem 61 began to say, “Isn’t this the man 62 they are trying 63 to kill? 26 Yet here he is, speaking publicly, 64 and they are saying nothing to him. 65 Do the rulers really know that this man 66 is the Christ? 67 27 But we know where this man 68 comes from. 69 Whenever the Christ 70 comes, no one will know where he comes from.” 71
28 Then Jesus, while teaching in the temple courts, 72 cried out, 73 “You both know me and know where I come from! 74 And I have not come on my own initiative, 75 but the one who sent me 76 is true. You do not know him, 77 29 but 78 I know him, because I have come from him 79 and he 80 sent me.”
30 So then they tried to seize Jesus, 81 but no one laid a hand on him, because his time 82 had not yet come. 31 Yet many of the crowd 83 believed in him and said, “Whenever the Christ 84 comes, he won’t perform more miraculous signs than this man did, will he?” 85
32 The Pharisees 86 heard the crowd 87 murmuring these things about Jesus, 88 so the chief priests and the Pharisees sent officers 89 to arrest him. 90 33 Then Jesus said, “I will be with you for only a little while longer, 91 and then 92 I am going to the one who sent me. 34 You will look for me 93 but will not find me, and where I am you cannot come.”
35 Then the Jewish leaders 94 said to one another, “Where is he 95 going to go that we cannot find him? 96 He is not going to go to the Jewish people dispersed 97 among the Greeks and teach the Greeks, is he? 98 36 What did he mean by saying, 99 ‘You will look for me 100 but will not find me, and where I am you cannot come’?”
37 On the last day of the feast, the greatest day, 101 Jesus stood up and shouted out, 102 “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me, and 38 let the one who believes in me drink. 103 Just as the scripture says, ‘From within him 104 will flow rivers of living water.’” 105 39 (Now he said this about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were going to receive, for the Spirit had not yet been given, 106 because Jesus was not yet glorified.) 107
40 When they heard these words, some of the crowd 108 began to say, “This really 109 is the Prophet!” 110 41 Others said, “This is the Christ!” 111 But still others said, “No, 112 for the Christ doesn’t come from Galilee, does he? 113 42 Don’t the scriptures say that the Christ is a descendant 114 of David 115 and comes from Bethlehem, 116 the village where David lived?” 117 43 So there was a division in the crowd 118 because of Jesus. 119 44 Some of them were wanting to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him. 120
45 Then the officers 121 returned 122 to the chief priests and Pharisees, 123 who said to them, “Why didn’t you bring him back with you?” 124 46 The officers replied, “No one ever spoke like this man!” 47 Then the Pharisees answered, 125 “You haven’t been deceived too, have you? 126 48 None of the rulers 127 or the Pharisees have believed in him, have they? 128 49 But this rabble 129 who do not know the law are accursed!”
50 Nicodemus, who had gone to Jesus 130 before and who was one of the rulers, 131 said, 132 51 “Our law doesn’t condemn 133 a man unless it first hears from him and learns 134 what he is doing, does it?” 135 52 They replied, 136 “You aren’t from Galilee too, are you? 137 Investigate carefully and you will see that no prophet 138 comes from Galilee!”
53 [[And each one departed to his own house.
8 But Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. 1 2 Early in the morning he came to the temple courts again. All the people came to him, and he sat down and began to teach 2 them. 3 The experts in the law 3 and the Pharisees 4 brought a woman who had been caught committing adultery. They made her stand in front of them 4 and said to Jesus, 5 “Teacher, this woman was caught in the very act of adultery. 5 In the law Moses commanded us to stone to death 6 such women. 7 What then do you say?” 6 (Now they were asking this in an attempt to trap him, so that they could bring charges against 8 him.) 9 Jesus bent down and wrote on the ground with his finger. 10 7 When they persisted in asking him, he stood up straight 11 and replied, 12 “Whoever among you is guiltless 13 may be the first to throw a stone at her.” 8 Then 14 he bent over again and wrote on the ground.
9 Now when they heard this, they began to drift away one at a time, starting with the older ones, 15 until Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him. 10 Jesus stood up straight 16 and said to her, “Woman, 17 where are they? Did no one condemn you?” 11 She replied, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “I do not condemn you either. Go, and from now on do not sin any more.”]] 18
12 Then Jesus spoke out again, 19 “I am the light of the world. 20 The one who follows me will never 21 walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” 13 So the Pharisees 22 objected, 23 “You testify about yourself; your testimony is not true!” 24 14 Jesus answered, 25 “Even if I testify about myself, my testimony is true, because I know where I came from and where I am going. But you people 26 do not know where I came from or where I am going. 27 15 You people 28 judge by outward appearances; 29 I do not judge anyone. 30 16 But if I judge, my evaluation is accurate, 31 because I am not alone when I judge, 32 but I and the Father who sent me do so together. 33 17 It is written in your law that the testimony of two men is true. 34 18 I testify about myself 35 and the Father who sent me testifies about me.”
19 Then they began asking 36 him, “Who is your father?” Jesus answered, “You do not know either me or my Father. If you knew me you would know my Father too.” 37 20 (Jesus 38 spoke these words near the offering box 39 while he was teaching in the temple courts. 40 No one seized him because his time 41 had not yet come.) 42
21 Then Jesus 43 said to them again, 44 “I am going away, and you will look for me 45 but will die in your sin. 46 Where I am going you cannot come.” 22 So the Jewish leaders 47 began to say, 48 “Perhaps he is going to kill himself, because he says, ‘Where I am going you cannot come.’” 23 Jesus replied, 49 “You people 50 are from below; I am from above. You people are from this world; I am not from this world. 24 Thus I told you 51 that you will die in your sins. For unless you believe that I am he, 52 you will die in your sins.”
25 So they said to him, “Who are you?” Jesus replied, 53 “What I have told you from the beginning. 26 I have many things to say and to judge 54 about you, but the Father 55 who sent me is truthful, 56 and the things I have heard from him I speak to the world.” 57 27 (They did not understand that he was telling them about his Father.) 58
28 Then Jesus said, 59 “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, 60 and I do nothing on my own initiative, 61 but I speak just what the Father taught me. 62 29 And the one who sent me is with me. He has not left me alone, 63 because I always do those things that please him.” 30 While he was saying these things, many people 64 believed in him.
31 Then Jesus said to those Judeans 65 who had believed him, “If you continue to follow my teaching, 66 you are really 67 my disciples 32 and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” 68 33 “We are descendants 69 of Abraham,” they replied, 70 “and have never been anyone’s slaves! How can you say, 71 ‘You will become free’?” 34 Jesus answered them, “I tell you the solemn truth, 72 everyone who practices 73 sin is a slave 74 of sin. 35 The slave does not remain in the family 75 forever, but the son remains forever. 76 36 So if the son 77 sets you free, you will be really free. 37 I know that you are Abraham’s descendants. 78 But you want 79 to kill me, because my teaching 80 makes no progress among you. 81 38 I am telling you the things I have seen while with the 82 Father; 83 as for you, 84 practice the things you have heard from the 85 Father!”
39 They answered him, 86 “Abraham is our father!” 87 Jesus replied, 88 “If you are 89 Abraham’s children, you would be doing 90 the deeds of Abraham. 40 But now you are trying 91 to kill me, a man who has told you 92 the truth I heard from God. Abraham did not do this! 93 41 You people 94 are doing the deeds of your father.”
Then 95 they said to Jesus, 96 “We were not born as a result of immorality! 97 We have only one Father, God himself.” 42 Jesus replied, 98 “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come from God and am now here. 99 I 100 have not come on my own initiative, 101 but he 102 sent me. 43 Why don’t you understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot accept 103 my teaching. 104 44 You people 105 are from 106 your father the devil, and you want to do what your father desires. 107 He 108 was a murderer from the beginning, and does not uphold the truth, 109 because there is no truth in him. Whenever he lies, 110 he speaks according to his own nature, 111 because he is a liar and the father of lies. 112 45 But because I am telling you 113 the truth, you do not believe me. 46 Who among you can prove me guilty 114 of any sin? 115 If I am telling you 116 the truth, why don’t you believe me? 47 The one who belongs to 117 God listens and responds 118 to God’s words. You don’t listen and respond, 119 because you don’t belong to God.” 120
48 The Judeans 121 replied, 122 “Aren’t we correct in saying 123 that you are a Samaritan and are possessed by a demon?” 124 49 Jesus answered, “I am not possessed by a demon, 125 but I honor my Father – and yet 126 you dishonor me. 50 I am not trying to get 127 praise for myself. 128 There is one who demands 129 it, and he also judges. 130 51 I tell you the solemn truth, 131 if anyone obeys 132 my teaching, 133 he will never see death.” 134
52 Then 135 the Judeans 136 responded, 137 “Now we know you’re possessed by a demon! 138 Both Abraham and the prophets died, and yet 139 you say, ‘If anyone obeys 140 my teaching, 141 he will never experience 142 death.’ 143 53 You aren’t greater than our father Abraham who died, are you? 144 And the prophets died too! Who do you claim to be?” 54 Jesus replied, 145 “If I glorify myself, my glory is worthless. 146 The one who glorifies me is my Father, about whom you people 147 say, ‘He is our God.’ 55 Yet 148 you do not know him, but I know him. If I were to say that I do not know him, 149 I would be a liar like you. But I do know him, and I obey 150 his teaching. 151 56 Your father Abraham was overjoyed 152 to see my day, and he saw it and was glad.” 153
57 Then the Judeans 154 replied, 155 “You are not yet fifty years old! 156 Have 157 you seen Abraham?” 58 Jesus said to them, “I tell you the solemn truth, 158 before Abraham came into existence, 159 I am!” 160 59 Then they picked up 161 stones to throw at him, 162 but Jesus hid himself and went out from the temple area. 163