3 You 1 foolish Galatians! Who has cast a spell 2 on you? Before your eyes Jesus Christ was vividly portrayed 3 as crucified! 2 The only thing I want to learn from you is this: Did you receive the Spirit by doing the works of the law 4 or by believing what you heard? 5 3 Are you so foolish? Although you began 6 with 7 the Spirit, are you now trying to finish 8 by human effort? 9 4 Have you suffered so many things for nothing? – if indeed it was for nothing. 5 Does God then give 10 you the Spirit and work miracles among you by your doing the works of the law 11 or by your believing what you heard? 12
6 Just as Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness, 13 7 so then, understand 14 that those who believe are the sons of Abraham. 15 8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, proclaimed the gospel to Abraham ahead of time, 16 saying, “All the nations 17 will be blessed in you.” 18 9 So then those who believe 19 are blessed along with Abraham the believer. 10 For all who 20 rely on doing the works of the law are under a curse, because it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not keep on doing everything written in the book of the law.” 21 11 Now it is clear no one is justified before God by the law, because the righteous one will live by faith. 22 12 But the law is not based on faith, 23 but the one who does the works of the law 24 will live by them. 25 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming 26 a curse for us (because it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”) 27 14 in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham would come to the Gentiles, 28 so that we could receive the promise of the Spirit by faith.
15 Brothers and sisters, 29 I offer an example from everyday life: 30 When a covenant 31 has been ratified, 32 even though it is only a human contract, no one can set it aside or add anything to it. 16 Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his descendant. 33 Scripture 34 does not say, “and to the descendants,” 35 referring to many, but “and to your descendant,” 36 referring to one, who is Christ. 17 What I am saying is this: The law that came four hundred thirty years later does not cancel a covenant previously ratified by God, 37 so as to invalidate the promise. 18 For if the inheritance is based on the law, it is no longer based on the promise, but God graciously gave 38 it to Abraham through the promise.
19 Why then was the law given? 39 It was added 40 because of transgressions, 41 until the arrival of the descendant 42 to whom the promise had been made. It was administered 43 through angels by an intermediary. 44 20 Now an intermediary is not for one party alone, but God is one. 45 21 Is the law therefore opposed to the promises of God? 46 Absolutely not! For if a law had been given that was able to give life, then righteousness would certainly have come by the law. 47 22 But the scripture imprisoned 48 everything and everyone 49 under sin so that the promise could be given – because of the faithfulness 50 of Jesus Christ – to those who believe.
23 Now before faith 51 came we were held in custody under the law, being kept as prisoners 52 until the coming faith would be revealed. 24 Thus the law had become our guardian 53 until Christ, so that we could be declared righteous 54 by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian. 55 26 For in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God through faith. 56 27 For all of you who 57 were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave 58 nor free, there is neither male nor female 59 – for all of you are one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s descendants, 60 heirs according to the promise.
4 Now I mean that the heir, as long as he is a minor, 1 is no different from a slave, though he is the owner 2 of everything. 2 But he is under guardians 3 and managers until the date set by his 4 father. 3 So also we, when we were minors, 5 were enslaved under the basic forces 6 of the world. 4 But when the appropriate time 7 had come, God sent out his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, so that we may be adopted as sons with full rights. 8 6 And because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, who calls 9 “Abba! 10 Father!” 7 So you are no longer a slave but a son, and if you are 11 a son, then you are also an heir through God. 12
8 Formerly when you did not know God, you were enslaved to beings that by nature are not gods at all. 13 9 But now that you have come to know God (or rather to be known by God), how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless 14 basic forces? 15 Do you want to be enslaved to them all over again? 16 10 You are observing religious 17 days and months and seasons and years. 11 I fear for you that my work for you may have been in vain. 12 I beg you, brothers and sisters, 18 become like me, because I have become like you. You have done me no wrong!
13 But you know it was because of a physical illness that I first proclaimed the gospel to you, 14 and though my physical condition put you to the test, you did not despise or reject me. 19 Instead, you welcomed me as though I were an angel of God, 20 as though I were Christ Jesus himself! 21 15 Where then is your sense of happiness 22 now? For I testify about you that if it were possible, you would have pulled out your eyes and given them to me! 16 So then, have I become your enemy by telling you the truth? 23
17 They court you eagerly, 24 but for no good purpose; 25 they want to exclude you, so that you would seek them eagerly. 26 18 However, it is good 27 to be sought eagerly 28 for a good purpose 29 at all times, and not only when I am present with you. 19 My children – I am again undergoing birth pains until Christ is formed in you! 30 20 I wish I could be with you now and change my tone of voice, 31 because I am perplexed about you.
21 Tell me, you who want to be under the law, do you not understand the law? 32 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the 33 slave woman and the other by the free woman. 23 But one, the son by the slave woman, was born by natural descent, 34 while the other, the son by the free woman, was born through the promise. 24 These things may be treated as an allegory, 35 for these women represent two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai bearing children for slavery; this is Hagar. 25 Now Hagar represents Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But the Jerusalem above is free, 36 and she is our mother. 27 For it is written:
“Rejoice, O barren woman who does not bear children; 37
break forth and shout, you who have no birth pains,
because the children of the desolate woman are more numerous
than those of the woman who has a husband.” 38
28 But you, 39 brothers and sisters, 40 are children of the promise like Isaac. 29 But just as at that time the one born by natural descent 41 persecuted the one born according to the Spirit, 42 so it is now. 30 But what does the scripture say? “Throw out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman will not share the inheritance with the son” 43 of the free woman. 31 Therefore, brothers and sisters, 44 we are not children of the slave woman but of the free woman.