19 In the third month after the Israelites went out 2 from the land of Egypt, on the very day, 3 they came to the Desert of Sinai. 2 After they journeyed 4 from Rephidim, they came to the Desert of Sinai, and they camped in the desert; Israel camped there in front of the mountain. 5
3 Moses 6 went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain, “Thus you will tell the house of Jacob, and declare to the people 7 of Israel: 4 ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt and how I lifted you on eagles’ wings 8 and brought you to myself. 9 5 And now, if you will diligently listen to me 10 and keep 11 my covenant, then you will be my 12 special possession 13 out of all the nations, for all the earth is mine, 6 and you will be to me 14 a kingdom of priests 15 and a holy nation.’ 16 These are the words that you will speak to the Israelites.”
7 So Moses came and summoned the elders of Israel. He set before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him, 8 and all the people answered together, “All that the Lord has commanded we will do!” 17 So Moses brought the words of the people back to the Lord.
9 The Lord said to Moses, “I am going to come 18 to you in a dense cloud, 19 so that the people may hear when I speak with you and so that they will always believe in you.” 20 And Moses told the words of the people to the Lord.
10 The Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and sanctify them 21 today and tomorrow, and make them wash 22 their clothes 11 and be ready for the third day, for on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 You must set boundaries 23 for the people all around, saying, ‘Take heed 24 to yourselves not to go up on the mountain nor touch its edge. Whoever touches the mountain will surely be put to death! 13 No hand will touch him 25 – but he will surely be stoned or shot through, whether a beast or a human being; 26 he must not live.’ When the ram’s horn sounds a long blast they may 27 go up on the mountain.”
14 Then Moses went down from the mountain to the people and sanctified the people, and they washed their clothes. 15 He said to the people, “Be ready for the third day. Do not go near your wives.” 28
16 On 29 the third day in the morning there was thunder and lightning and a dense 30 cloud on the mountain, and the sound of a very loud 31 horn; 32 all the people who were in the camp trembled. 17 Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their place at the foot of the mountain. 18 Now Mount Sinai was completely covered with smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire, and its smoke went up like the smoke of a great furnace, 33 and the whole mountain shook 34 violently. 19 When the sound of the horn grew louder and louder, 35 Moses was speaking 36 and God was answering him with a voice. 37
20 The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain, and the Lord summoned Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. 21 The Lord said to Moses, “Go down and solemnly warn 38 the people, lest they force their way through to the Lord to look, and many of them perish. 39 22 Let the priests also, who approach the Lord, sanctify themselves, lest the Lord break through 40 against them.”
23 Moses said to the Lord, “The people are not able to come up to Mount Sinai, because you solemnly warned us, 41 ‘Set boundaries for the mountain and set it apart.’” 42 24 The Lord said to him, “Go, get down, and come up, and Aaron with you, but do not let the priests and the people force their way through to come up to the Lord, lest he break through against them.” 25 So Moses went down to the people and spoke to them. 43
20 God spoke all these words: 2
2 “I, 3 the Lord, am your God, 4 who brought you 5 from the land of Egypt, from the house of slavery. 6
3 “You shall have no 7 other gods before me. 8
4 “You shall not make for yourself a carved image 9 or any likeness 10 of anything 11 that is in heaven above or that is on the earth beneath or that is in the water below. 12 5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, 13 for I, the Lord, your God, am a jealous 14 God, responding to 15 the transgression of fathers by dealing with children to the third and fourth generations 16 of those who reject me, 17 6 and showing covenant faithfulness 18 to a thousand generations 19 of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 “You shall not take 20 the name of the Lord your God in vain, 21 for the Lord will not hold guiltless 22 anyone who takes his name in vain.
8 “Remember 23 the Sabbath 24 day to set it apart as holy. 25 9 For six days 26 you may labor 27 and do all your work, 28 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God; on it 29 you shall not do any work, you, 30 or your son, or your daughter, or your male servant, or your female servant, or your cattle, or the resident foreigner who is in your gates. 31 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth and the sea and all that is in them, and he rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart as holy.
12 “Honor 32 your father and your mother, that you may live a long time 33 in the land 34 the Lord your God is giving to you.
13 “You shall not murder. 35
14 “You shall not commit adultery. 36
15 “You shall not steal. 37
16 “You shall not give 38 false testimony 39 against your neighbor.
17 “You shall not covet 40 your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that belongs to your neighbor.” 41
18 All the people were seeing 42 the thundering and the lightning, and heard 43 the sound of the horn, and saw 44 the mountain smoking – and when 45 the people saw it they trembled with fear 46 and kept their distance. 47 19 They said to Moses, “You speak 48 to us and we will listen, but do not let God speak with us, lest we die.” 20 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, 49 that the fear of him 50 may be before you so that you do not 51 sin.” 21 The people kept 52 their distance, but Moses drew near the thick darkness 53 where God was. 54
22 The Lord said 56 to Moses: “Thus you will tell the Israelites: ‘You yourselves have seen that I have spoken with you from heaven. 23 You must not make gods of silver alongside me, 57 nor make gods of gold for yourselves. 58
24 ‘You must make for me an altar made of earth, 59 and you will sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, 60 your sheep and your cattle. In every place 61 where I cause my name to be honored 62 I will come to you and I will bless you. 25 If you make me an altar of stone, you must not build it 63 of stones shaped with tools, 64 for if you use your tool on it you have defiled it. 65 26 And you must not go up by steps to my altar, so that your nakedness is not exposed.’ 66
21 “These are the decisions that you will set before them:
2 “If you buy 3 a Hebrew servant, 4 he is to serve you for six years, but in the seventh year he will go out free 5 without paying anything. 6 3 If he came 7 in by himself 8 he will go out by himself; if he had 9 a wife when he came in, then his wife will go out with him. 4 If his master gave 10 him a wife, and she bore sons or daughters, the wife and the children will belong to her master, and he will go out by himself. 5 But if the servant should declare, 11 ‘I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out 12 free,’ 6 then his master must bring him to the judges, 13 and he will bring him to the door or the doorposts, and his master will pierce his ear with an awl, and he shall serve him forever. 14
7 “If a man sells his daughter 15 as a female servant, 16 she will not go out as the male servants do. 8 If she does not please 17 her master, who has designated her 18 for himself, then he must let her be redeemed. 19 He has no right 20 to sell her to a foreign nation, because he has dealt deceitfully 21 with her. 9 If he designated her for his son, then he will deal with her according to the customary rights 22 of daughters. 10 If he takes another wife, 23 he must not diminish the first one’s food, 24 her clothing, or her marital rights. 25 11 If he does not provide her with these three things, then she will go out free, without paying money. 26
12 “Whoever strikes someone 28 so that he dies 29 must surely be put to death. 30 13 But if he does not do it with premeditation, 31 but it happens by accident, 32 then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee. 14 But if a man willfully attacks his neighbor to kill him cunningly, 33 you will take him even from my altar that he may die.
15 “Whoever strikes 34 his father or his mother must surely be put to death.
16 “Whoever kidnaps someone 35 and sells him, 36 or is caught still holding him, 37 must surely be put to death.
17 “Whoever treats his father or his mother disgracefully 38 must surely be put to death.
18 “If men fight, and one strikes his neighbor with a stone or with his fist and he does not die, but must remain in bed, 39 19 and then 40 if he gets up and walks about 41 outside on his staff, then the one who struck him is innocent, except he must pay 42 for the injured person’s 43 loss of time 44 and see to it that he is fully healed.
20 “If a man strikes his male servant or his female servant with a staff so that he or she 45 dies as a result of the blow, 46 he will surely be punished. 47 21 However, if the injured servant 48 survives one or two days, the owner 49 will not be punished, for he has suffered the loss. 50
22 “If men fight and hit a pregnant woman and her child is born prematurely, 51 but there is no serious injury, he will surely be punished in accordance with what the woman’s husband demands of him, and he will pay what the court decides. 52 23 But if there is serious injury, then you will give a life for a life, 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise. 53
26 “If a man strikes the eye of his male servant or his female servant so that he destroys it, 54 he will let the servant 55 go free 56 as compensation for the eye. 27 If he knocks out the tooth of his male servant or his female servant, he will let the servant 57 go free as compensation for the tooth.
28 “If an ox 59 gores a man or a woman so that either dies, 60 then the ox must surely 61 be stoned and its flesh must not be eaten, but the owner of the ox will be acquitted. 29 But if the ox had the habit of goring, and its owner was warned, 62 and he did not take the necessary precautions, 63 and then it killed a man or a woman, the ox must be stoned and the man must be put to death. 30 If a ransom is set for him, 64 then he must pay the redemption for his life according to whatever amount was set for him. 31 If the ox 65 gores a son or a daughter, the owner 66 will be dealt with according to this rule. 67 32 If the ox gores a male servant or a female servant, the owner 68 must pay thirty shekels of silver, 69 and the ox must be stoned. 70
33 “If a man opens a pit or if a man digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the owner of the pit must repay 71 the loss. He must give money 72 to its owner, and the dead animal 73 will become his. 35 If the ox of one man injures the ox of his neighbor so that it dies, then they will sell the live ox and divide its proceeds, 74 and they will also divide the dead ox. 75 36 Or if it is known that the ox had the habit of goring, and its owner did not take the necessary precautions, he must surely pay 76 ox for ox, and the dead animal will become his. 77