7 So the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God 1 to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. 2 2 You are to speak 3 everything I command you, 4 and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh that he must release 5 the Israelites from his land. 3 But I will harden 6 Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 7 my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt, 4 Pharaoh will not listen to you. 8 I will reach into 9 Egypt and bring out my regiments, 10 my people the Israelites, from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment. 5 Then 11 the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, when I extend my hand 12 over Egypt and bring the Israelites out from among them.
6 And Moses and Aaron did so; they did just as the Lord commanded them. 7 Now Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.
8 The Lord said 13 to Moses and Aaron, 14 9 “When Pharaoh says to you, ‘Do 15 a miracle,’ and you say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down 16 before Pharaoh,’ it will become 17 a snake.” 10 When 18 Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, they did so, just as the Lord had commanded them – Aaron threw 19 down his staff before Pharaoh and his servants and it became a snake. 20 11 Then Pharaoh also summoned wise men and sorcerers, 21 and the magicians 22 of Egypt by their secret arts 23 did the same thing. 12 Each man 24 threw down his staff, and the staffs became snakes. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. 13 Yet Pharaoh’s heart became hard, 25 and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.
14 The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 27 he refuses to release 28 the people. 15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 29 he goes out to the water. Position yourself 30 to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 31 and take 32 in your hand the staff 33 that was turned into a snake. 16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 34 “Release my people, that they may serve me 35 in the desert!” But until now 36 you have not listened. 37 17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 38 the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 39 18 Fish 40 in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 41 to drink water from the Nile.”’” 19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 42 over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 43 – so that it becomes 44 blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 45 the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 20 Moses and Aaron did so, 46 just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 47 the staff 48 and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 49 of Pharaoh and his servants, 50 and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 51 21 When the fish 52 that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 53 to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 54 everywhere in the land of Egypt! 22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 55 by their secret arts, and so 56 Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 57 and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 58 – just as the Lord had predicted. 23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 59 24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 60 because they could not drink the water of the Nile.
25 Seven full days passed 62 after the Lord struck 63 the Nile.
8 1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 2 all your territory with frogs. 3 3 The Nile will swarm 4 with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 5 4 Frogs 6 will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’” 7
5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 8 over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’” 6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 9 came up and covered the land of Egypt.
7 The magicians did the same 10 with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 11
8 Then Pharaoh summoned 12 Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 13 to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 14 from me and my people, and I will release 15 the people that they may sacrifice 16 to the Lord.” 9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 17 – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 18 from you and your houses, so that 19 they will be left 20 only in the Nile?” 10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 21 “It will be 22 as you say, 23 so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”
12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 24 to the Lord because of 25 the frogs that he had brought on 26 Pharaoh. 13 The Lord did as Moses asked 27 – the 28 frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 14 The Egyptians 29 piled them in countless heaps, 30 and the land stank. 15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 31 he hardened 32 his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 33
16 The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 35 gnats 36 throughout all the land of Egypt.’” 17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 37 and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 18 When 38 the magicians attempted 39 to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 19 The magicians said 40 to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 41 of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 42 and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.
20 The Lord 44 said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 21 If you do not release 45 my people, then I am going to send 46 swarms of flies 47 on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 48 22 But on that day I will mark off 49 the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 50 so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 51 23 I will put a division 52 between my people and your people. This sign will take place 53 tomorrow.”’” 24 The Lord did so; a 54 thick 55 swarm of flies came into 56 Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 57 of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 58 because of the swarms of flies.
25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 59 26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 60 for the sacrifices we make 61 to the Lord our God would be an abomination 62 to the Egyptians. 63 If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 64 will they not stone us? 65 27 We must go 66 on a three-day journey 67 into the desert and sacrifice 68 to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 69
28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 70 so that you may sacrifice 71 to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 72 Do 73 pray for me.”
29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 74 from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 75 by not releasing 76 the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 77 – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 32 But Pharaoh hardened 78 his heart this time also and did not release the people.