16 When 2 they journeyed from Elim, the entire company 3 of Israelites came to the Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their exodus 4 from the land of Egypt. 2 The entire company 5 of Israelites murmured against Moses and Aaron in the desert. 3 The Israelites said to them, “If only we had died 6 by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by 7 the pots of meat, when we ate bread to the full, 8 for you have brought us out into this desert to kill 9 this whole assembly with hunger!”
4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “I am going to rain 10 bread from heaven for you, and the people will go out 11 and gather the amount for each day, so that I may test them. 12 Will they will walk in my law 13 or not? 5 On the sixth day 14 they will prepare what they bring in, and it will be twice as much as they gather every other day.” 15
6 Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, “In the evening 16 you will know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt, 7 and in the morning you will see 17 the glory of the Lord, because he has heard 18 your murmurings against the Lord. As for us, what are we, 19 that you should murmur against us?”
8 Moses said, “You will know this 20 when the Lord gives you 21 meat to eat in the evening and bread in the morning to satisfy you, because the Lord has heard your murmurings that you are murmuring against him. As for us, what are we? 22 Your murmurings are not against us, 23 but against the Lord.”
9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Tell the whole community 24 of the Israelites, ‘Come 25 before the Lord, because he has heard your murmurings.’”
10 As Aaron spoke 26 to the whole community of the Israelites and they looked toward the desert, there the glory of the Lord 27 appeared 28 in the cloud, 11 and the Lord spoke to Moses: 12 “I have heard the murmurings of the Israelites. Tell them, ‘During the evening 29 you will eat meat, 30 and in the morning you will be satisfied 31 with bread, so that you may know 32 that I am the Lord your God.’” 33
13 In the evening the quail 34 came up and covered the camp, and in the morning a layer of dew was all around the camp. 14 When 35 the layer of dew had evaporated, 36 there on the surface of the desert was a thin flaky substance, 37 thin like frost on the earth. 15 When 38 the Israelites saw it, they said to one another, 39 “What is it?” because they did not know what it was. 40 Moses said to them, “It is the bread 41 that the Lord has given you for food. 42
16 “This is what 43 the Lord has commanded: 44 ‘Each person is to gather 45 from it what he can eat, an omer 46 per person 47 according to the number 48 of your people; 49 each one will pick it up 50 for whoever lives 51 in his tent.’” 17 The Israelites did so, and they gathered – some more, some less. 18 When 52 they measured with an omer, the one who gathered much had nothing left over, and the one who gathered little lacked nothing; each one had gathered what he could eat.
19 Moses said to them, “No one 53 is to keep any of it 54 until morning.” 20 But they did not listen to Moses; some 55 kept part of it until morning, and it was full 56 of worms and began to stink, and Moses was angry with them. 21 So they gathered it each morning, 57 each person according to what he could eat, and when the sun got hot, it would melt. 58 22 And 59 on the sixth day they gathered twice as much food, two omers 60 per person; 61 and all the leaders 62 of the community 63 came and told 64 Moses. 23 He said to them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a time of cessation from work, 65 a holy Sabbath 66 to the Lord. Whatever you want to 67 bake, bake today; 68 whatever you want to boil, boil today; whatever is left put aside for yourselves to be kept until morning.’”
24 So they put it aside until the morning, just as Moses had commanded, and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the area. 69 26 Six days you will gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will not be any.”
27 On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather it, but they found nothing. 28 So the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse 70 to obey my commandments and my instructions? 29 See, because the Lord has given you the Sabbath, that is why 71 he is giving you food for two days on the sixth day. Each of you stay where you are; 72 let no one 73 go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.
31 The house of Israel 74 called its name “manna.” 75 It was like coriander seed and was white, and it tasted 76 like wafers with honey.
32 Moses said, “This is what 77 the Lord has commanded: ‘Fill an omer with it to be kept 78 for generations to come, 79 so that they may see 80 the food I fed you in the desert when I brought you out from the land of Egypt.’” 33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put in it an omer full of manna, and place it before the Lord to be kept for generations to come.” 34 Just as the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony 81 for safekeeping. 82
35 Now the Israelites ate manna forty years, until they came to a land that was inhabited; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36 (Now an omer is one tenth of an ephah.) 83
17 The whole community 2 of the Israelites traveled on their journey 3 from the Desert of Sin according to the Lord’s instruction, and they pitched camp in Rephidim. 4 Now 5 there was no water for the people to drink. 6 2 So the people contended 7 with Moses, and they said, “Give us water to drink!” 8 Moses said to them, “Why do you contend 9 with me? Why do you test 10 the Lord?” 3 But the people were very thirsty 11 there for water, and they murmured against Moses and said, “Why in the world 12 did you bring us up out of Egypt – to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?” 13
4 Then Moses cried out to the Lord, “What will I do with 14 this people? – a little more 15 and they will stone me!” 16 5 The Lord said to Moses, “Go over before the people; 17 take with you some of the elders of Israel and take in your hand your staff with which you struck the Nile and go. 6 I will be standing 18 before you there on 19 the rock in Horeb, and you will strike 20 the rock, and water will come out of it so that the people may drink.” 21 And Moses did so in plain view 22 of the elders of Israel.
7 He called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the contending of the Israelites and because of their testing the Lord, 23 saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?”
8 Amalek came 25 and attacked 26 Israel in Rephidim. 9 So Moses said to Joshua, “Choose some of our 27 men and go out, fight against Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand.”
10 So Joshua fought against Amalek just as Moses had instructed him; 28 and Moses and Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 Whenever Moses would raise his hands, 29 then Israel prevailed, but whenever he would rest 30 his hands, then Amalek prevailed. 12 When 31 the hands of Moses became heavy, 32 they took a stone and put it under him, and Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one on one side and one on the other, 33 and so his hands were steady 34 until the sun went down. 13 So Joshua destroyed 35 Amalek and his army 36 with the sword. 37
14 The Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in the 38 book, and rehearse 39 it in Joshua’s hearing; 40 for I will surely wipe out 41 the remembrance 42 of Amalek from under heaven. 15 Moses built an altar, and he called it “The Lord is my Banner,” 43 16 for he said, “For a hand was lifted up to the throne of the Lord 44 – that the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.” 45