13 The Lord spoke 2 to Moses: 2 “Set apart 3 to me every firstborn male – the first offspring of every womb 4 among the Israelites, whether human or animal; it is mine.” 5
3 Moses said to the people, “Remember 6 this day on which you came out from Egypt, from the place where you were enslaved, 7 for the Lord brought you out of there 8 with a mighty hand – and no bread made with yeast may be eaten. 9 4 On this day, 10 in the month of Abib, 11 you are going out. 12
5 When 13 the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, 14 then you will keep 15 this ceremony 16 in this month. 6 For seven days 17 you must eat 18 bread made without yeast, and on the seventh day there is to be 19 a festival to the Lord. 7 Bread made without yeast must be eaten 20 for seven days; 21 no bread made with yeast shall be seen 22 among you, and you must have no yeast among you within any of your borders.
8 You are to tell your son 23 on that day, 24 ‘It is 25 because of what 26 the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 27 It 28 will be a sign 29 for you on your hand and a memorial 30 on your forehead, 31 so that the law of the Lord may be 32 in your mouth, 33 for 34 with a mighty hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt. 10 So you must keep 35 this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year. 36
11 When the Lord brings you 37 into the land of the Canaanites, 38 as he swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it 39 to you, 12 then you must give over 40 to the Lord the first offspring of every womb. 41 Every firstling 42 of a beast that you have 43 – the males will be the Lord’s. 44 13 Every firstling 45 of a donkey you must redeem 46 with a lamb, and if you do not redeem it, then you must break its neck. 47 Every firstborn of 48 your sons you must redeem. 14 49
In the future, 50 when your son asks you 51 ‘What is this?’ 52 you are to tell him, ‘With a mighty hand 53 the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the land of slavery. 54 15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused 55 to release us, the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of people to the firstborn of animals. 56 That is why I am sacrificing 57 to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb, but all my firstborn sons I redeem.’ 16 It will be for a sign on your hand and for frontlets 58 on your forehead, for with a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.” 59
17 When Pharaoh released 61 the people, God did not lead them 62 by the way to the land 63 of the Philistines, 64 although 65 that was nearby, for God said, 66 “Lest 67 the people change their minds 68 and return to Egypt when they experience 69 war.” 18 So God brought the people around by the way of the desert to the Red Sea, 70 and the Israelites went up from the land of Egypt prepared for battle. 71
19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph 72 had made the Israelites solemnly swear, 73 “God will surely attend 74 to you, and you will carry 75 my bones up from this place with you.”
20 They journeyed from Sukkoth and camped in Etham, on the edge of the desert. 21 Now the Lord was going before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them in the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, 76 so that they could 77 travel day or night. 78 22 He did not remove the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night from before the people. 79
14 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Tell the Israelites that they must turn and camp 2 before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you are to camp by the sea before Baal Zephon opposite it. 3 3 Pharaoh will think 4 regarding the Israelites, ‘They are wandering around confused 5 in the land – the desert has closed in on them.’ 6 4 I will harden 7 Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them. I will gain honor 8 because of Pharaoh and because of all his army, and the Egyptians will know 9 that I am the Lord.” So this is what they did. 10
5 When it was reported 11 to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, 12 the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people, and the king and his servants said, 13 “What in the world have we done? 14 For we have released the people of Israel 15 from serving us!” 6 Then he prepared 16 his chariots and took his army 17 with him. 7 He took six hundred select 18 chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, 19 and officers 20 on all of them.
8 But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he chased after the Israelites. Now the Israelites were going out defiantly. 21 9 The Egyptians chased after them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh and his horsemen and his army overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-Zephon. 10 When 22 Pharaoh got closer, 23 the Israelites looked up, 24 and there were the Egyptians marching after them, 25 and they were terrified. 26 The Israelites cried out to the Lord, 27 11 and they said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the desert? 28 What in the world 29 have you done to us by bringing 30 us out of Egypt? 12 Isn’t this what we told you 31 in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone so that we can serve the Egyptians, 32 because it is better for us to serve 33 the Egyptians than to die in the desert!’” 34
13 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! 35 Stand firm 36 and see 37 the salvation 38 of the Lord that he will provide 39 for you today; for the Egyptians that you see today you will never, ever see again. 40 14 The Lord 41 will fight for you, and you can be still.” 42
15 The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. 43 16 And as for you, 44 lift up your staff and extend your hand toward the sea and divide it, so that 45 the Israelites may go through the middle of the sea on dry ground. 17 And as for me, I am going to harden 46 the hearts of the Egyptians so that 47 they will come after them, that I may be honored 48 because 49 of Pharaoh and his army and his chariots and his horsemen. 18 And the Egyptians will know 50 that I am the Lord when I have gained my honor 51 because of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
19 The angel of God, who was going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them, and the pillar 52 of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. 20 It came between the Egyptian camp and the Israelite camp; it was a dark cloud 53 and it lit up the night so that one camp did not come near the other 54 the whole night. 55 21 Moses stretched out his hand toward the sea, and the Lord drove the sea apart 56 by a strong east wind all that night, and he made the sea into dry land, and the water was divided. 22 So the Israelites went through the middle of the sea on dry ground, the water forming a wall 57 for them on their right and on their left.
23 The Egyptians chased them and followed them into the middle of the sea – all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen. 24 In the morning watch 58 the Lord looked down 59 on the Egyptian army 60 through the pillar of fire and cloud, and he threw the Egyptian army 61 into a panic. 62 25 He jammed 63 the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving, 64 and the Egyptians said, “Let’s flee 65 from Israel, for the Lord fights 66 for them against Egypt!”
26 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sea, so that the waters may flow 67 back on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen!” 27 So Moses extended his hand toward the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state 68 when the sun began to rise. 69 Now the Egyptians were fleeing 70 before it, but the Lord overthrew 71 the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. 28 The water returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen and all the army of Pharaoh that was coming after the Israelites into the sea 72 – not so much as one of them survived! 73 29 But the Israelites walked on dry ground in the middle of the sea, the water forming a wall for them on their right and on their left. 30 So the Lord saved 74 Israel on that day from the power 75 of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead 76 on the shore of the sea. 31 When Israel saw 77 the great power 78 that the Lord had exercised 79 over the Egyptians, they 80 feared the Lord, and they believed in 81 the Lord and in his servant Moses. 82