3 So when we could bear it no longer, we decided to stay on in Athens 1 alone. 2 We 2 sent Timothy, our brother and fellow worker for God 3 in the gospel of Christ, to strengthen you and encourage you about your faith, 3 so that no one would be shaken by these afflictions. For you yourselves know that we are destined for this. 4 For in fact when we were with you, we were telling you in advance that we would suffer affliction, and so it has happened, as you well know. 4 5 So 5 when I could bear it no longer, I sent to find out about your faith, for fear that the tempter somehow tempted you and our toil had proven useless.
6 But now Timothy has come 6 to us from you and given us the good news of your faith and love and that you always think of us with affection 7 and long to see us just as we also long to see you! 8 7 So 9 in all our distress and affliction, we were reassured about you, brothers and sisters, 10 through your faith. 8 For now we are alive again, 11 if you stand firm in the Lord. 9 For how can we thank God enough for you, 12 for all the joy we feel 13 because of you before our God? 10 We pray earnestly night and day to see you in person 14 and make up what may be lacking in your faith.
11 Now may God our Father himself and our Lord Jesus direct our way to you. 12 And may the Lord cause you to increase and abound in love for one another and for all, just as we do for you, 13 so that your hearts are strengthened in holiness to be blameless before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints. 15
4 Finally then, brothers and sisters, 1 we ask you and urge you in the Lord Jesus, that as you received instruction from us about how 2 you must live and please God (as you are in fact living) 3 that you do so more and more. 2 For you know what commands we gave you through the Lord Jesus. 3 For this is God’s will: that you become holy, 4 that you keep away from sexual immorality, 4 that each of you know how to possess his own body 5 in holiness and honor, 5 not in lustful passion like the Gentiles who do not know God. 6 In this matter no one should violate the rights of his brother or take advantage of him, 6 because the Lord is the avenger in all these cases, 7 as we also told you earlier and warned you solemnly. 7 For God did not call us to impurity but in holiness. 8 Consequently the one who rejects this is not rejecting human authority 8 but God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you.
9 Now on the topic of brotherly love 9 you have no need for anyone to write you, for you yourselves are taught by God to love one another. 10 And indeed you are practicing it toward all the brothers and sisters 10 in all of Macedonia. But we urge you, brothers and sisters, to do so more and more, 11 11 to aspire to lead a quiet life, to attend to your own business, and to work with your hands, as we commanded you. 12 In this way you will live 12 a decent life before outsiders and not be in need. 13
13 Now we do not want you to be uninformed, 14 brothers and sisters, 15 about those who are asleep, 16 so that you will not grieve like the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, so also we believe that 17 God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep as Christians. 18 15 For we tell you this by the word of the Lord, 19 that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will surely not go ahead of those who have fallen asleep. 16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a shout of command, with the voice of the archangel, 20 and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive, who are left, 21 will be suddenly caught up 22 together 23 with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore encourage one another with these words.