20 In the spring, at the time when kings normally conduct wars, 1 Joab led the army into battle and devastated the land of the Ammonites. He went and besieged Rabbah, while David stayed in Jerusalem. Joab defeated Rabbah and tore it down. 2 David took the crown from the head of their king 2 and wore it 3 (its weight was a talent 4 of gold and it was set with precious stones). He took a large amount of plunder from the city. 3 He removed the city’s residents and made them do hard labor with saws, iron picks, and axes. 5 This was his policy 6 with all the Ammonite cities. Then David and all the army returned to Jerusalem.
4 Later there was a battle 7 with the Philistines in Gezer. 8 At that time Sibbekai the Hushathite killed Sippai, 9 one of the descendants of the Rephaim, and the Philistines 10 were subdued.
5 There was another battle with the Philistines in which Elhanan son of Jair the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath the Gittite, 11 whose spear had a shaft as big as the crossbeam of a weaver’s loom. 12
6 In a battle in Gath 13 there was a large man who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot – twenty-four in all! He too was a descendant of Rapha. 7 When he taunted Israel, Jonathan son of Shimea, 14 David’s brother, killed him.
8 These were the descendants of Rapha who lived in Gath; they were killed 15 by the hand of David and his soldiers. 16
21 An adversary 1 opposed 2 Israel, inciting David to count how many warriors Israel had. 3 2 David told Joab and the leaders of the army, 4 “Go, count the number of warriors 5 from Beer Sheba to Dan. Then bring back a report to me so I may know how many we have.” 6 3 Joab replied, “May the Lord make his army 7 a hundred times larger! My master, O king, do not all of them serve my master? Why does my master want to do this? Why bring judgment on Israel?” 8
4 But the king’s edict stood, despite Joab’s objections. 9 So Joab left and traveled throughout Israel before returning to Jerusalem. 10 5 Joab reported to David the number of warriors. 11 In all Israel there were 1,100,000 12 sword-wielding soldiers; Judah alone had 470,000 sword-wielding soldiers. 13 6 Now Joab 14 did not number Levi and Benjamin, for the king’s edict disgusted him. 7 God was also offended by it, 15 so he attacked Israel.
8 David said to God, “I have sinned greatly by doing this! Now, please remove the guilt of your servant, for I have acted very foolishly.” 9 The Lord told Gad, David’s prophet, 16 10 “Go, tell David, ‘This is what the Lord says: “I am offering you three forms of judgment from which to choose. Pick one of them.”’” 17 11 Gad went to David and told him, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Pick one of these: 12 three 18 years of famine, or three months being chased by your enemies and struck down by their swords, 19 or three days being struck down by the Lord, during which a plague will invade the land and the Lord’s messenger will destroy throughout Israel’s territory.’ 20 Now, decide what I should tell the one who sent me.” 13 David said to Gad, “I am very upset! I prefer to be attacked by the Lord, for his mercy is very great; I do not want to be attacked by men!” 21 14 So the Lord sent a plague through Israel, and 70,000 Israelite men died.
15 God sent an angel 22 to ravage 23 Jerusalem. As he was doing so, 24 the Lord watched 25 and relented from 26 his judgment. 27 He told the angel who was destroying, “That’s enough! 28 Stop now!” 29
Now the Lord’s angel was standing near the threshing floor of Ornan 30 the Jebusite. 16 David looked up and saw the Lord’s messenger standing between the earth and sky with his sword drawn and in his hand, stretched out over Jerusalem. David and the leaders, covered with sackcloth, threw themselves down with their faces to the ground. 31 17 David said to God, “Was I not the one who decided to number the army? I am the one who sinned and committed this awful deed! 32 As for these sheep – what have they done? O Lord my God, attack me and my family, 33 but remove the plague from your people!” 34
18 So the Lord’s messenger told Gad to instruct David to go up and build 35 an altar for the Lord on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. 19 So David went up as Gad instructed him to do in the name of the Lord. 36 20 While Ornan was threshing wheat, he turned and saw the messenger, and he and his four sons hid themselves. 21 When David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David; he came out from the threshing floor and bowed to David with his face 37 to the ground. 22 David said to Ornan, “Sell me the threshing floor 38 so I can build 39 on it an altar for the Lord – I’ll pay top price 40 – so that the plague may be removed 41 from the people.” 23 Ornan told David, “You can have it! 42 My master, the king, may do what he wants. 43 Look, I am giving you the oxen for burnt sacrifices, the threshing sledges for wood, and the wheat for an offering. I give it all to you.” 24 King David replied to Ornan, “No, I insist on buying it for top price. 44 I will not offer to the Lord what belongs to you or offer a burnt sacrifice 45 that cost me nothing. 46 25 So David bought the place from Ornan for 600 pieces of gold. 47 26 David built there an altar to the Lord and offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings. 48 He called out to the Lord, and the Lord 49 responded by sending fire from the sky and consuming the burnt sacrifice on the altar. 27 The Lord ordered the messenger 50 to put his sword back into its sheath.
28 At that time, when David saw that the Lord responded to him at the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he sacrificed there. 29 Now the Lord’s tabernacle (which Moses had made in the wilderness) and the altar for burnt sacrifices were at that time at the worship center 51 in Gibeon. 30 But David could not go before it to seek God’s will, for he was afraid of the sword of the Lord’s messenger.